Did you know your skeleton has 5 main functions?
Muscles connected to your skeleton contract and pull making your bones work like levers.
Your bones store vital minerals such as calcium and magnesium phosphate. These minerals are essential for the health and strength of your bones. Deficiencies can cause weak bones and can even lead to osteoporosis.
Many bones in your body protect other organs which are far more delicate. This includes the brain, the heart & lungs, the vertebral column and the reproductive organs.
Marrow is produced inside the bones and this constantly produces a source of platelets, and red & white blood cells.
Your skeleton gives your body it’s individual shape. You may have heard the phrase “I am not fat, I am big boned”. There is some truth in that! (but remember fat wobbles…. bones don’t).
There are 3 main types of body shape. Which one are you?
- Ectomorph Naturally tall & thin. Shoulders, chest and hips all narrow.
- Endomorph Wide hips and narrow shoulders, sometimes called ‘pear shaped’.
- Mesomorph Wide shoulders and narrow hips, a typically muscular physique.
Your bones will constantly be remodelled throughout life, from growth spurts in childhood to mineral loss in older age. They will also continue to become more compact and harden until you are into your mid to late twenties, and then they will begin the slow decline into old age. In this growth period you can help to make them stronger by taking part in regular weight bearing exercise and having a diet rich in calcium and vitamin D. Once the bone growth starts to slow, regular weight bearing exercise can help to offset the natural decrease in bone density and keep you stronger for longer.
So just remember, your bones – all 206 of them may be changing all the time and factors such as age will influence this but you can always choose a balanced diet to help keep your bones as healthy and strong as possible for longer.